الأحد، 28 فبراير 2021

( البحر الأحمر ( سبأ و حمير ) و ما قبل إمبراطورية أكسوم منذ القرن التاسع ق.م إلى الثالث الميلادي )

( البحر الأحمر ( سبأ و حمير ) و ما قبل إمبراطورية أكسوم منذ القرن التاسع ق.م إلى الثالث الميلادي )

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• هذا البحث المحكم يتكلم عن الوجود اليمني السبئي و الحميري القديم و العريق الذي كان موجود في الصومال منذ القرن ال 9 قبل الميلاد إلى الثالث الميلادي و هو باللغة الإنجليزية و هو مدعم بالمراجع و المصادر + خرائط المواقع الأثرية التي توجد فيها الآثار اليمنية التي هي السبئية و الحميرية بالتحديد .
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• Red Sea Sabaean / Himyarite and Pre -Askumite Empires ( ca. Ninth Century
BCE–Third Century CE )
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There is an extensive and ancient relationship between the people and cultures of both
sides of the Red Sea coast (Phillipson 1998). Rock art sites such as Dhagah Nabi Gallay
and Dhagah Kureh include Sabaean and Himyarite writings associated with South
Arabia (see Map 3). In certain contexts, they appear to have been added to the rock art
later, suggesting by superimposition. In 2007, more rock art sites with Sabaean and
Himyarite writings in and around Hargeysa region were found, but sadly some were
bulldozed by developers, as the Ministry of Tourism could not buy the land or stop the
destruction. I have also recorded a burial site with such writings in Shalcaw (39), on the
Red Sea coast (see Fig. 4). Furthermore, the Qar-Gebi megalithic burials include what
might be ancient writings, perhaps Himyarite and Sabaean, but it needs to be con-
firmed. The Pre-Aksumite cultures of current-day Ethiopia are linked with South
Arabian kingdoms. The Pre-Aksumite Empire itself might have been part of, or at
least culturally linked with, contemporary kingdoms in what is now the Somali populated region. Not only are there links through the findings of Himyarite and
Sabaean writings, but also early Christianity seems to have spread throughout the
Horn, including the Somali region, as explored below. However, the burial site of
Shal’aw is associated with other ancient burials in the immediate wadis in this sandy
coastal landscape. The “wadi burials” are part of an ancient landscape that has been
washed away by the floods and now exposed vertically, showing clear stratigraphic
levels. If these burials can be rescued in time, there is a potential that we learn more
about first-millennium BCE cultures of this little known Red Sea region, and associ-
ations with the Himyarite and Sabaean cultures, as well as perhaps ancient Egypt and
the trade in frankincense and myrrh, still a big part of the economy in this area .
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المصدر :

- https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10437-015-9184-9
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